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What is a Scar?

A scar is a mark left on the skin or internal tissue after a wound or injury has healed. It is a natural part of the body's healing process. When the skin or tissue is damaged, the body initiates a repair process, leading to the formation of a scar.

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What is Scar Revision?

Scar revision is a medical or surgical procedure performed to improve the appearance, texture, or function of a scar. This can be done for scars resulting from surgery, trauma, burns, or other skin injuries. The goal of scar revision is to minimize the visibility of the scar and enhance the overall aesthetics of the affected area. It's important to note that while scar revision can improve the appearance of a scar, it may not completely erase it.

When the skin heals, collagen fibers replace damaged tissue, resulting in scars. Genetic factors, wound type, and individual variations contribute to the diversity in scar appearance. Scar revision is not a one-size-fits-all solution. Factors such as skin type, scar location, and individual healing responses play a crucial role in selecting the most appropriate revision approach.

Types of Scars

Following are the known types of scars which includes:

  • Hypertrophic Scars: These are raised and red scars that stay within the boundaries of the original injury.
  • Keloid Scars: These are overgrown scars extending beyond the original injury site.
  • Atrophic Scars: These are indentations or depressions in the skin, commonly seen in acne scars.
  • Contracture Scars: These are tight, pulling scars often occurring after burns, limiting movement.
  • Stretch Marks (Striae): These are long, narrow streaks or lines on the skin, typically from rapid stretching.
  • Acne Scars: These result from severe acne and can be atrophic or hypertrophic.

Indications for Scar Revision

Scar revision technique may be indicated in the following situations:

  • When a scar's appearance is undesirable.
  • Scars that are causing movement restriction or functional issues.
  • Raised, red scars or overgrown scars causing aesthetic concerns.
  • Scars causing tightness and limiting movement.
  • Distorting natural features such as the eyelids or lips.
  • Significant emotional distress due to the scars appearance.

Contraindications for Scar Revision

Scar revision techniques are contraindicated in the following situations:

  • Active infections
  • Poor general health
  • Unrealistic expectations
  • Individuals prone to keloid formation
  • Pregnancy
  • Allergies

Scar Revision Techniques

The various scar revision procedures to treat scars include:

  • Topical Treatments: Silicone-based products are widely used for their ability to reduce hypertrophic scars and keloids by maintaining skin hydration. Corticosteroid creams are effective in minimizing inflammation and excessive collagen production, particularly in hypertrophic scars.
  • Surgical Excision: This involves the surgical removal of scar tissue, followed by meticulous suturing. Surgical excision is often reserved for larger scars due to the potential for creating a new scar.
  • Dermabrasion: This technique mechanically removes the top layers of the skin, promoting collagen remodeling. Dermabrasion is suitable for surface scars and can improve overall skin texture.
  • Laser Therapy: Fractional laser technology selectively targets specific layers of the skin, promoting collagen remodeling and improving scar appearance.
  • Micro needling: This is a minimally invasive procedure involving the creation of micro-injuries in the skin, stimulating collagen production. Micro needling is effective for various scar types and improves overall skin texture.
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP): This involves injecting concentrated platelets from the patient's blood into the scar tissue. PRP promotes tissue regeneration and accelerates the healing process.
  • Chemical peel: A chemical peel is a cosmetic procedure that involves the application of a chemical solution to the skin, causing it to exfoliate and eventually peel off. This process leads to the regeneration of new skin cells, resulting in a smoother and more even skin tone.

What are some of the Risks Associated with Scar Revision?

Some of the risks associated with scar revision include:

  • Bleeding
  • Skin infection
  • Altered sensation
  • Damage to deeper tissue
  • Recurrent scar formation
Location & Directions

Connect with Dr. Kaplin

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    Skin Smart Dermatology

    8200 Flourtown Ave,
    Suite 7, Wyndmoor, PA 19038

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    Practice Hours

    Monday – Friday
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